Eric Schultz

Advisor: Dr. V. Prasad

Risc Processor I/O



When finished, all Input/Output for a RISC processor should be designed, simulated and ready to be implemented in an FPGA. This is part of a larger project directed by Dr. Vinod Prasad to design and implement a fully functional RISC (Reduced Instruction Set) processor in an FPGA. The main objective of this project is to design the basic i/o pin structure. Possible extensions to this project are implementations of a serial port and/or an AtoD converter.


Basic Architecture

The RISC processor consists of a few main sections, these are:

















For the I/O section the most basic setup is a pin which can be set high, low, or tri-stated. This is what will first be designed. Secondly A collection of these pins (4 or 8 depending on the bus width.) will be defined for parallel transfers. Others will be defined as both bit and word addressable. All ports will be bi-directional due to the small pin count on FPGAs. See Fig. 2


For a serial port, a timer which is available on the FPGA would be used as a baud rate generator. This would drive two shift registers which would be buffered. This would allow an easy interface to the processor. See Fig. 3.